Library Automation: What technologies are used?

Automation plays a key role in modern libraries, enabling effective resource management and streamlining information processes. Through automation, libraries can achieve greater efficiency, accessibility, and quality of services for their users. Below, we present the main benefits of automation in libraries.

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The Role of Automation in Modern Libraries

Automation plays a crucial role in modern libraries, enabling efficient resource management and streamlining information processes. Through automation, libraries can achieve greater efficiency, accessibility, and service quality for their users. Below are the main benefits of automation in libraries.

Resource Management

Automation allows libraries to effectively manage their resources such as books, periodicals, multimedia, etc. This enables precise control over the status, location, and availability of materials for users, positively impacting the efficiency and accuracy of library collection management.

Automation of library resources includes:

  • Cataloging and indexing materials
  • Management of borrowings and reservations
  • Resource inventory
  • Tracking the location of resources

Access to Information

Automation allows libraries to offer users easier and more intuitive access to information. Automation systems enable quick search and browsing of library resources. Users can utilize online catalogs, reserve materials, check borrowing status, and even access e-books and other digital resources.

Other benefits of information automation in libraries include:

  • Speed and efficiency of searching
  • Remote access possibility
  • Access to digital resources
  • Personalized services

What Automation Technologies are Used in Libraries?

Libraries utilize various automation technologies that support resource management and streamline information flow. Below are some commonly used technologies in libraries.

Library Systems

Library systems are software used for managing library processes such as cataloging, borrowing, reservations, etc. They are comprehensive solutions that integrate various functions and modules, enabling efficient library management.

Examples of popular library systems include:

  • Koha
  • Alma
  • Sierra
  • Evergreen


Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is a technology that enables automatic identification and tracking of library resources using radio waves. It is used for efficient borrowing, returning, and locating of materials in libraries.

Benefits of RFID technology in libraries:

  • Fast and accurate borrowing and returning
  • Automatic alerts for overdue materials
  • Reduction in inventory time
  • Theft prevention capabilities

Self-service Kiosks

Self-service kiosks are devices that allow library users to perform various actions such as self-checkout, returns, reservations, payments, etc. With self-service kiosks, users can access the library at their convenience, regardless of opening hours.

Benefits of self-service kiosks in libraries:

  • Increased library accessibility
  • User independence
  • Enthusiasm for new technologies
  • Optimization of staff work

Advantages of Information Automation in Libraries

Information automation in libraries brings many benefits for both libraries and their users. Below are the key advantages of information automation in libraries.

High Work Efficiency

Automation allows libraries to achieve higher work efficiency by automating many routine tasks. Using appropriate technologies enables quick processing and availability of information, reducing user waiting time in the library.

Improved Service Quality

Through automation, libraries can improve the quality of their services, enabling users to have easier and more intuitive access to information. All library operations such as borrowing, reservations, and searching can be carried out efficiently and accurately, resulting in user satisfaction.

Cost Reduction

Automation can contribute to cost reduction in library management. With an automated resource management system, borrowing, reservations, and other operations can be carried out without the need for a large number of staff members. This means lower costs in terms of salaries and increased staff efficiency.

Remote Accessibility

Automation enables users to remotely access library resources. By using online catalogs and other technologies, users can browse, reserve, and borrow materials without physically visiting the library. This solution is particularly important when access to the library is limited, such as during a pandemic.

Examples of Library Automation Systems and Tools

Various systems and tools for library automation are available on the market, which can be customized to the individual needs and requirements of a particular library. Below are examples of some popular library automation systems and tools.


Koha is an open-source Integrated Library System (ILS) that allows for efficient management of library resources. The system offers functions such as cataloging, borrowing, reservations, as well as modules for financial management and statistics. Koha is popular due to its flexibility and availability for different types of libraries.


Alma is a library system developed by Ex Libris. It is a comprehensive solution that integrates various library functions such as resource management, borrowing, reservations, data analysis, etc. Alma is popular among larger and more advanced libraries due to its advanced features.


Sierra is a library system created by Innovative Interfaces. It is an advanced cloud-based software that enables resource management, borrowing, reservations, and offers modules for financial management and reporting. Sierra is popular among academic and specialized libraries.


Evergreen is an open-source library system that allows for the management of library resources, borrowing, reservations, and includes modules for financial management and statistics. Evergreen is popular among public libraries and library consortia looking for a flexible and shared system.

How to Implement Automation Technologies in Libraries?

Implementing automation technologies in libraries requires taking several important steps. Below are general guidelines that can help in the process of implementing automation in libraries.

Needs Analysis

The first step is to conduct a detailed needs analysis of the library. Identify areas where automation could bring the greatest benefits and improve work efficiency. Based on the analysis, determine which technologies and tools would be suitable for the library.

Selection of Appropriate Technologies

After the needs analysis, select the appropriate technologies and tools that meet the library’s expectations. It is worth consulting with library system providers and other libraries to learn about the opinions and experiences of other users.

Staff Preparation

Implementing automation technologies requires adequate preparation of the library staff. Library employees should be well-trained in using new technologies and tools. Organize training and workshops to provide staff with the necessary knowledge and skills.

Gradual Implementation

Implementing automation in the library should occur gradually. Start with the most critical and beneficial areas and then gradually expand automation to other domains. Incremental implementation helps avoid too many changes at once and facilitates adaptation for both staff and library users.

Summary: The Future of Automation in Libraries

Automation in libraries is not only applicable today but also holds immense potential for the future. It is expected that automation technologies will continue to evolve and provide increasingly advanced solutions for libraries.

The future of automation in libraries may bring the following benefits:

  • Intelligent library resource management systems
  • Personalization of services for users
  • Utilization of artificial intelligence for better resource classification and searching
  • Introduction of new technologies, such as augmented reality, for user interaction with the library

Automation in libraries is an integral part of their development. Through appropriate technologies and tools, libraries can effectively manage resources, streamline information processes, and provide better services to their users. Implementing automation requires proper planning, staff preparation, and technology selection. However, the benefits that can be achieved through automation make it worthwhile to invest efforts and resources in this area.

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